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The EMS journal fulfils the requirements of the publishing process, it recognizes ethical responsibilities of all parties of the publication process. Thus, we take our duties of guardianship over all stages of publishing very seriously and we recognize our ethical duties and other responsibilities.


Editorial Board

The members of Editorial and Scientific Boards are recognized experts in their fields, their full names and affiliations are provided on the journal web site in the section Editorial Board. The contact information for the editorial office is on the journal web site, section Contact.


Authors and Authors responsibilities

The paper must be an original unpublished work written in good English. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable. The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted.

The paper submitted to the EMS journal should neither been published before nor be under consideration for publication in another journal. The only exception is if the submitted manuscript builds on previously published articles elsewhere by the same author(s).  In this case, author(s) are obligated to show more significant development in the submitted manuscript than the original published article and also to show that the original article is well cited in the submitted manuscript.

Authors, whose names appear on the submission have contributed sufficiently to the scientific work and therefore share collective responsibility and accountability for the results. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors (according to the above definition) and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the author list of the manuscript, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

All papers are subjected to a double blind, peer-review process. Firstly, each submission is reviewed by the journal editors, who may reject it, if it is not dealing with the subject matter of the journal and does not meet the journal requirements or if it is of a low quality. In the second stage of the review process, the paper is sent to two independent reviewers. The Journal uses anonymous double-blind review process.  Reviewers are asked to evaluate the paper and they may recommend to: (i) publish the paper in the current form, (ii) publish the paper after minor corrections, (iii) publish the paper after major corrections and an additional review, (iv) reject the paper. Reviewers include the recommendations and comments, which are then sent to the author(s). The editors should not reverse decisions on publication unless serious problems are identified.

Each paper must be submitted by e-mail to: The paper is successfully submitted if the author receives a confirmation e-mail.


Peer-review process

Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except as authorized by the editor. Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

All submitted papers received by the editorial office are firstly checked by the editors to determine, if they are properly prepared and follow the ethical policies of the journal. The editors are responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The editors are guided by the policies of the journal editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as copyright infringement and plagiarism. Papers that do not fit the journal ethics policy or do not meet the requirements of the journal will be rejected before the peer-review process. Papers that are not properly prepared will be returned to the authors for revision and resubmission.

Once a manuscript passes the editorial checks, it will be assigned to two independent experts for a double blind peer-review. Judgements should be objective, reviewers should have no conflict of interest and should point out relevant published work which is not yet cited.  Reviewed articles should be treated confidentially.  Reviewers are asked to evaluate the paper and the may recommend to: (i) publish the paper in the current form, (ii) publish the paper after minor corrections, (iii) publish the paper after major corrections and an additional review, (iv) reject the paper. The final decision to accept or reject the manuscript will also be sent to the corresponding author along with any recommendations made by the reviewers.

All reviewer comments should be responded to in a point-by-point fashion.

Editors and reviewers should evaluate each paper according to its intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors. The editors´ decision to accept or reject a paper for publication should be based only on the paper´s importance, originality and clarity, and the study´s relevance to the aim of journal.

Publication ethics

The editors of the EMS journal enforce a peer-review process together with ethical policies and standards to ensure to add high quality scientific works to the field of scholarly publication. Authors wishing to publish their papers in the journal must abide to the following:

  • Any facts that might be perceived as a possible conflict of interest of the author(s) must be disclosed in the paper prior to submission.
  • Authors should accurately present their research findings and include an objective discussion of the significance of their findings.
  • Data and methods used in the research need to be presented in sufficient detail in the paper.
  • Simultaneous submission of manuscripts to more than one journal is not tolerated.
  • Republishing content that is not novel is not tolerated.
  • If errors and inaccuracies are found by the authors after publication of their paper or some corrections are to be made, they need to be promptly communicated to the editors of this journal so that appropriate actions can be taken.
  • Plagiarism, data fabrication and image manipulation are not tolerated and the following measures will be taken accordingly. First, the manuscript that has been proven to be involved in plagiarism will be immediately rejected along with the immediate rejection of any other manuscript submitted by the same authors.  Second, each author involved in the violating manuscript will be banned from submitting any new manuscript to the journal in a period of two years.

For any complain or concerns with regard to any publishing article, please contact us at We will acknowledge your e-mail and provide an estimated time to study and solve your complain or concerns.

Retraction and correction policy

The editors are committed to uphold the integrity of the literature and publish editorially significant correction dependent on the situation. In all cases, the original articles will be removed and replaced with a note stating the reason of retraction and with corrected version. If plagiarism is found, a whole article will be removed from the journal.

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in their own published work, it is the author´s obligation to promptly notify the journal editors or publisher and cooperate with the editors to retract or correct the paper. If the editors or the publisher learns from a third party that a published work contains a significant error, it is the obligation of the author to promptly retract or correct the paper or provide evidence to the editor of the correctness of the original paper.

In cases of alleged or proven scientific misconduct, fraudulent publication or plagiarism the publisher, in close collaboration with the editors, will take all appropriate measures to clarify the situation and to amend the article in question. This includes the prompt publication of an erratum or, in the most severe cases, the complete retraction of the affected work.


Originality and plagiarism

The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, than this has been appropriately cited or quoted. Plagiarism takes many forms, from rewriting another´s paper as the author´s own paper, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of another paper (without attribution and citation), to claiming results from research conducted by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.


Disclosure and conflict of interests

The editor and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate. Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor’s own research without the express written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. The editor is committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. The editor should seek so ensure a fair and appropriate peer review process. Editors should recuse themselves (i.e. should ask a co-editor, associate editor or other member of the editorial board instead to review and consider) from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions connected to the papers. Editors should require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publish corrections if competing interests are revealed after publication. If needed, other appropriate action should be taken, such as the publication of a retraction or expression of concern.


Authorship of the paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.


Copyright and Access

The author(s) must agree that the published version of the paper will be placed on the website of the journal (in pdf format). Before an article goes to print, the author(s) must sign and return the copyright agreement (scanned signed copy in pdf) provided by the journal.


The editors ensure digital preservation of access to the journal content on the journal web site. All the printed issues of the EMS journal are available in the registry and library of the Department of Economics, Faculty of Operation and Economics of Transport and Communications at the University of Zilina.

Web site

The editors ensure that the journal web site, including the text that it contains, demonstrates that care has been taken to ensure high ethical and professional standards.


Publishing schedule

Economic and Managerial Spectrum is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published twice a year (June and December) by the University of Zilina.


Name of the journal  

Economic and Managerial Spectrum (EMS) journal is unique and it cannot be easily confused with another journal or misled potential authors and readers about the journal origin or association with other journals.